Advanced organizers help teachers communicate information.
Advanced organizers are a system for presenting information in the classroom in order to increase learner comprehension and retension. The learner can use them to organize and interpret new information, and the teacher can use them to encourage the learner to organize the learning process. Activities such as advance and graphical organizers, concept mapping, Power Point presentations and narrative graphic organizer are techniques that teachers use as a means for providing instructions in school lessons.
Advanced and Graphical Organizers
Advance and graphic organizers involve using diagrams accompanied by products that require some assembly. A clear sequence of pictures explicitly offering the steps helps the learner to accomplish the assembly. A map is a clear example of graphic advance organizer. The mind-map, or cognitive map, presents ideas as regions and illustrates their relationships graphically. The teacher can design cognitive maps to guide students to learn the unfamiliar parts of the lesson. By using a visual map, the individual components of a story can help school students to read a story more attentively.
Concept mapping, sometimes called flow charts, are diagrams that show the relationships between concepts. Concepts can be represented as boxes or circles and then connected with labeled arrows. Concept maps help students to organize information in a meaningful manner, especially when ideas are interdependant. The visual representation helps students by illustrating ideas and connecting them. The teacher can use concept mapping as an advance organizer to facilitate teaching similarities or differences, or sequences of events. This technique works particularly well with science, math and history.
Power Point Presentation
Power Point presentations can be used as advance organizers for higher grade students. The multimedia presentation helps the learners understand the concepts better. The teacher should not give too much detail. Rather, he needs to illustrate big ideas as simply as possible, and then guide students into discussion or textbook lessons to learn the details. By using contrasting colors, titles and legends, the teacher can enhance the learning process.
A Narrative Graphic Organizer
A narrative graphic organizer can help students remember, write or tell stories in order. The components of a story can be represented graphically by a sequence of boxes. The title of the story can be placed at the top, followed by three boxes for characters, places and time. The learner can easily remember the basic setting and main characters. The narrative story organizer needs to include boxes for describing the event that initiates the story.