Learning to draw 3D stairs is a great introduction to perspective drawing.
Learning draw in perspective can be a difficult skill for 6th graders to master. With time and practice, however, young artists can cultivate an understanding of perspective, which will help them to improve their 3D drawing skills. Stairs and staircases are the perfect subject to practice with because they are relatively simple in design and their shape is very familiar. All a 6th grader needs to draw 3D stairs is a pencil and ruler.
1. Draw a rectangle on a blank sheet of paper with a pencil, using a ruler for guidance, to form the base of the bottom step. To make drawing the rest of the staircase easier, use an even measurement for the height and width of your first step. A half inch is a good measurement for the height, and the width of the step is up to you.
2. Measure the width of your bottom step and mark the very center of the top edge. Using your ruler, draw a vertical line extending upward from that center mark. Make this vertical line as long as the desired height of your staircase.
3. Make small marks in equal increments above the bottom step along the center line. Each mark should be spaced at the height you chose for your first step — if your first step is 1/2-inch high, make your marks every 1/2 inch.
4. Draw in horizontal lines to form the baseboards of your other steps at each of the marks made on the center line. To create a 3D effect, each step above the bottom one should be slightly smaller than the one below it. Draw each line so that it is shorter than the step below it by a measurement equal to the height of the step. If your steps are each 1/2-inch high, take 1/4 inch off each end of every step.
5. Connect your steps with slanted lines drawn between the top corner of one step’s baseboard and the bottom corner of the step above it. Use your ruler to make these lines as straight as possible.
6. Finish your staircase by making a final horizontal line above the final step spaced about one and a half times the step height above the final step. Connect the edges of this line with the top corners of the step below by drawing horizontal lines, using your ruler.