Graphic Organizer Lessons

Graphic organizers help with reading comprehension.

Reading is a complicated process encompassing five components: phonics, phonemic awareness, vocabulary, comprehension and fluency. Graphic organizers are a visual means of learning or remembering information. They include knowledge maps, vocabulary charts, story maps, concept diagrams and other learning tools, worksheets, and charts. Each part of the reading process can be enhanced by graphic organizer lesson plans.

Graphic Organizer Lesson Plan for Phonics and Phonemic Awareness

Use a graphic organizer to teach phonics and phonemic awareness that are the cornerstones to reading. The sound of letters and letter combinations are the first step in the reading process. A graphic organizer can be used to teach phonics and phonemic awareness. A great lesson plan for learning “ar” words is the Star graphic organizer. Worksheets can be run off of a blank star cut out of paper or a poster can be placed on the board. The teacher writes the word “star” in the middle. The students’ job is to write other “ar” words on the Star graphic organizer as they read this.

Graphic Organizer Lesson Plan for Vocabulary

Find a Frayer Model Template online. Without a solid understanding of vocabulary, students can not grasp the meaning of their reading. A Frayer graphic organizer can be used for a vocabulary lesson, teaching students a new word. The model has four sections that students need to complete. These are the definition of the word, the characteristics of the word, examples, and non-examples. For example, with the word “firmament,” a non-example would be “Earth.”

Graphic Organizer Lesson Plan for Comprehension

Teach students comprehension skills using one of the many Comprehension graphic organizers. A KWL is an organizer that can be used with reading material. The “K” stands for What I Know. The “W” is What I Want to Know, and the “L” stands for What I Learned. If students are reading a story about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the teacher would ask all students to write down what they already know in the “K” column. Next, the students will be instructed to list what they want to know in the “W” column. After the reading assignment, students will list what they have learned in the “L” column.

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Graphic Organizer Lesson Plan for Fluency

Teaching fluency is a daunting task. Fluency involves the pace at which a student reads, and other components such as their tone and phrasing. Teachers can use a fluency chart or create one of their own. Students will take part in a paired reading exercise, being given a small paragraph to read. Each student will be reading a different paragraph. The chart will list the number of reading trials on the left column, and words or phrases that the student paused on or had difficulty with tone or phrasing with on the right. The only real way to learn to be a fluent reader is to practice. The student will have a paired reading partner who will listen to him and record reading errors. The student will repeat their reading for a set number of times. In my classroom, I limit the reading trials to five each. The student who was the recorder then takes his turn at reading while the other student records his fluency errors.