A Venn diagram is a type of graphic organizer used to show similarities and differences between two or more subjects. Graphic organizers are useful because they clarify information by condensing it and displaying it in a simple manner. In order to use a Venn diagram, you must have multiple subjects that are different but have at least one characteristic in common.
Drawing a Venn Diagram
1. Draw two circles that overlap in the center.
2. Label one circle with the first subject title and the other circle with the other subject title. For instance, you might label one circle “Basketball” and one circle “Soccer.”
3. Write any common characteristics between the two subjects in the center section in which the circles overlap. In this example, you might write “fast paced; involves a lot of running.”
4. Write characteristics that are specific to one subject in its individual circle. For instance, the Basketball circle might have facts such as, “object is to shoot a ball into a basket; scoring is two points for all shots except those past a certain line, which are three points; five players on the court for each team at a time.”
5. Write the characteristics that are specific to other subject in the other circle. The Soccer circle could have facts such as, “object is to kick the ball into a goal; usually 11 players on the field for each team at a time; scoring is always one point.”